Work package 5: Engaging the user community

Lead partner: DLO. Involved partners: DLO, JKI, NordGen

Work package leader: Dr Chris Kik, Centre for Genetic Resources, The Netherlands, Email: chris.kik@wur.nl

Objectives

  1. To identify, visualize and discuss with the European crop wild relative (CWR) / landrace (LR) diversity stakeholders concerned (breeders, public research institutes, gene banks, government and NGOs) in Europe the present needs concerning CWR and LR use.
  2. To carry out SWOT analyses of the European PGR and use community needs in Europe resulting in clear action points to secure PGR conservation and use networks and to promote the use of CWR and LR.
  3. To create opportunities to develop new partnerships between the various CWR / LR diversity stakeholders in Europe.
  4. To facilitate and initiate the flow of material and knowledge from the project to commercial breeding programmes.

Description of work

Task 5.1: Identifying European stakeholders in the PGR conservation and use community. Task leader: DLO. Involved partners: DLO, JKI, NordGen

The work will concern a. the identification of well-informed country key persons (via ECPGR country representatives, breeders, on the basis of own knowledge etc.) and b. the identification and discussions during individual visits with (a selected group) of the various PGR stakeholders (governments, breeders, gene banks, public breeding institutes and NGOs concerned). This work will be largely carried out by the project partners concerned (DLO, JKI and NordGen) with the help of well-informed key people within the various countries analysed and the Breeders’ Committee. In order to carry out this task in a practical way, the three project partners have subdivided Europe into three regions (north, south, east; one region per partner). Furthermore the location of stakeholders will be georeferenced, their main activities categorized and documented in a database that will be used to generate a web-based map in due consideration of the secrecy obligation. The map will visualize general stakeholders’ interests (e.g., in which crops breeding activities are taking place etc.) and facilitate finding partners.

Task 5.2:  SWOT analysis of European PGR conservation and use community needs to promote CWR and LR use. Task leader: DLO. Involved partners: DLO, JKI, NordGen

On the basis of the discussions with stakeholders in the various regions a questionnaire will be developed and sent to the stakeholders. On the basis of the information that will be gained for the questionnaire and individual visits a preliminary SWOT analysis will be written. This activity will be carried out by the project partners solely with feedback from the Breeders’ Committee. The draft report will be used as an input to an EU-wide workshop to be held in Wageningen (NL) in November 2013. This workshop will be organized to discuss the present European breeders and conservationist needs in relation to the use of CWR and LR use and to develop a vision for the future with clear goals. The workshop will also serve to communicate and demonstrate the outcomes of the work undertaken and tools created in the PGR Secure, such as the Trait Information Portal (TIP). In this part of the project the partners will have a more facilitating role together with the well-informed key persons within the various countries analysed. On the basis of the workshop a final report will be written. This activity will be carried out primarily by the project partners with feedback from the stakeholders, including the Breeder's Committee. The WP5 reports published after 12 (D5.1), 21 (D5.4) and 37 (D5.5) months after the start of the project will feed into WP3 and 4. Whereas the results from WP3 and 4, especially the results from the workshops after 8 months after the start of the project, will feed into WP5.

Task 5.3: Create opportunities to develop new partnerships between CWR and LR conservationists and breeders in Europe. Task leader: DLO. Involved partners: DLO, JKI, NordGen

During the interviews in 2011 and 2012 with the various stakeholders in the different EU countries the interviewers (project partner and country keyperson) will promote the establishment of new partnerships by informing organizations about organizations with whom they could cooperate. In addition during the EU-wide workshop to be held in November 2013 a market will be organized in which the stakeholders can present themselves in order to facilitate new partnerships. The project partners will have a more facilitating role in this activity and the Breeders’ Committee will be asked for feedback.

Task 5.4: Pre-breeding – channelling potential interesting germplasm into breeding programmes. Task leader: DLO. Involved partners: DLO, UoB and breeding companies (predominantly Brassica, but also Avena and Beta)

Two routes will be followed to channel potential interesting germplasm into commercial breeding programmes, namely the fundamental prebreeding route and the applied prebreeding route. Both routes will be identical during the first 18 months as Brassica germplasm will be evaluated for resistance to cabbage whitefly (Aleyrodes proletella) at DLO and for cabbage aphid (Brevicoryene brassicea) at UoB. After 18 months the results of this phenotypic evaluation will feed into both routes.

  • The fundamental prebreeding route builds upon the outcomes of WP1. UoB and DLO will provide breeders with relevant Brassica genotypes (after 24 months) and sequences of markers linked to candidate genes (after 40 months). Breeders will be requested to feedback on any consecutive testing of the genotypes. Reporting by companies will take place on a voluntary basis. Companies involved here are the ones that have active Brassica programmes.
  • In the applied prebreeding route the project partners will screen EU genebank databases for interesting accessions. In case of Avena searches will be carried out for contents of protein, fat, minerals, dietary fibre, resistance to Fusarium infection and mycotoxin contamination and cold tolerance. For Beta searches will be carried out for resistance to BNYVV, resistance to BMYV, resistance to BYV, and resistance to Rhizoctonia. The information obtained will be actively communicated to Avena/Beta breeding companies. In addition, breeding companies will be encouraged to undertake field trials in view of obtaining feedback on the usefulness of the material/information received and further characterization of the material. This approach builds on the experiences gained under Dutch "Stimulating of Use Programme" and the cooperation of the companies takes place on a voluntary basis. In the absence of voluntary action by breeders, the consortium will discuss at the time of the mid-term review at the latest possible alternative actions.